The science behind terpenes has influenced the medical marijuana industry in a way that allows providers to better administer medicine that targets specific ailments and activities, as terpenes have opened up a whole new slew of ways to identify certain attributes based on aroma. Researchers are discovering that the smell of medical marijuana directly correlates with its medical properties. Through their findings we are able to more accurately match the properties desired from a cannabis plant with the person who needs it.
What is a Terpene?
Secreted from the same glands that produce THC and cannabinoids, terpenes are fragrant oils that gives off distinct aromas—anything from those delicious berry, fruity, floral smells, to the more pungent piney fragrances. These aromas can be used to better explain the properties of the plant and how it will effect the user.
Scientists believe these smells can statistically predict distinguishing properties of cannabis far more accurately than reading the levels of THC and CBD. With this in mind we have developed a list of some of the ailments and activities that different terpenes can produce for its users. Using the infographic of terpenes that Leafly.com has created (https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/infographic-what-are-cannabis-terpenes-and-how-do-they-affect-you) we can get a better gauge of the Top 5 Recognized Terpenes. With over 100 different terpenes discovered by researchers you can imagine the list and possibilities are endless.
Here are a few examples of how terpenes can be used to target a specific range of symptoms:
Depression and Low Energy
People who suffer from depression and have a hard time getting motivating should try the terpene Limonene. This pungent, cannabis, citrus smell is indicative of its ability reduce stress, inspire alertness, as well as act as a mood elevator.
Tough Time Sleeping?
Whether it is from insomnia or some other condition, people who have a hard time sleeping should try the terpene Linalool. This flowery oil (also found in lavender, citrus, and birch trees) is known for its calming, stress relieving and sedative properties.
Trouble with Memory?
For those who desire a terpene with medical attributes that help with memory retention, check out the Pinene terpene. Smelling just like a Pine Tree, this terpene has been known to help with retaining memory as well as creating a higher alertness to surroundings.
Many people have heard that cannabis can help enhance the appetite. Scientists have also discovered that certain terpenes can actually assist in appetite suppression. The Humulene terpene has a woody, earthy smell along the same lines of hops and coriander. This terpene is known for its ability to assist with pain mitigation as well as weight loss similar to an anorectic.
These are just a few examples of how terpenes can help provide a better classification of cannabis and how it will affect users. It is still important to realize that everybody is unique, and each terpene will have slightly varied effects depending on its user. However, the terpene list does give medical providers the ability to help distinguish between the plants that work well for each individual they treat. If a patient has had the most success with the Lemonene terpene, a medical provider can then branch off and give them different strains that have the concentrate of Lemonene and continue to target their specific ailments.
More information on Terpenes can be found through Leafly https://www.leafly.com/news/cannabis-101/infographic-what-are-cannabis-terpenes-and-how-do-they-affect-you
Is there a specific terpene that you have found beneficial, let the community know by posting a comment below!
There’s no doubt about it: Cannabis can be a controversial subject. However, it can also be an extremely helpful treatment for people suffering from a variety of medical problems. For that reason, people in several states can now get a recommendation for medical marijuana from their doctors. If you feel nervous about talking to your doctor about medical cannabis, it’s completely understandable. Here are some tips for addressing the subject and ensuring you get the prescription that you need.
Address Your Problems and Ask If Cannabis Is the Solution
Discuss your medical history with your doctor, and ask them if they’re aware of any studies where cannabis worked as a treatment for your issues. That way, you can ensure that the prescription you get is appropriate for your symptoms.
Discuss the Nuts and Bolts
If medical marijuana seems like it might be an appropriate treatment for you, ask your doctor about what it might cost you to purchase it. You should also ask if it will interact with current medications, or if there are any activities you should avoid while on it. Before you take marijuana, you should be sure that you know about any potential complications.
Ask for a Specialist Referral
While medical cannabis might be legal, not every doctor in every state is well-versed in its uses and applications. If your doctor is not a specialist in medical marijuana, you may want to get a referral for a marijuana specialist. Doctors who specialize in medical marijuana know what the substance can treat or not treat, as well as the appropriate dosage to prescribe to you.
If you are thinking of asking your doctor about medical marijuana, it’s okay to feel hesitant, since controversy has built up around the subject. However, medical cannabis is completely legal and a helpful way to treat many ailments, and there is nothing wrong or illegal about bringing up the topic with a doctor. Approaching your doctor armed with that knowledge and confidence can ensure that your experience at the doctor’s office is helpful and stress-free.
Stay tuned to Greener Pastures for more industry news, trends, and tips.
The growing public realization that marijuana has benefits outside of the recreational high is eliciting demand for new forms of cannabis consumption that deliver therapeutic healing without the psychoactive euphoria. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) topicals are used for a variety of reasons, and are known for their healing properties without giving the user a cerebral high. A topical is a lotion or balm that has been infused with vitamins, essential oils, or other ingredients, and is applied to the top layer of the skin.
Humans harbor the cannabinoid receptor type 2 (abbreviated as CB2) throughout their body. Medical marijuana topicals utilize these receptors and bind to them through present cannabis compounds called phytocannabinoids. This system produces medical benefits of cannabis without the user experiencing any sort of cerebral ‘high’. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean all topicals, balms, and gels would not give a user a similar sensation that comes with smoking marijuana. For example, some transdermal patches that adhere to your skin can produce the same effects as smoking.
What are the top healing properties that medical marijuana topicals are known for?
Muscle Tension – There are plenty of known lotions that can help with muscle soreness, tension, and discomfort. New to the list is medical marijuana topicals, users have said they experienced relief from pain by rubbing the cannabis oils/balms into the affected areas.
Inflammation – CBD and THC topicals have been said to help with inflammation due to symptoms from such things as arthritis and cramps.
Sex – There are even topicals that can help men and women achieve a more pleasurable experience in bed.
There are many other ways that medical marijuana can help when used through topicals and gels. From skin irritation and rashes, to administering antibiotics and headaches, medical marijuana topicals will continue to be studied and worked on. We encourage you to try different topicals with different ingredients to see if this non-euphoric form of using cannabis might help.
For thousands of years, cannabis has been used to heal and treat a variety of ailments. But as more states legalize cannabis for medical use, may cannabis purveyors are coming out with new and more user-friendly ways to consume this natural treatment, Here are five best ways to consume cannabis for better health and wellness.
Vaporized cannabis, infused with all varieties of delicious flavors, is a good way to take it. And if you take it in an e-bong, it’s quite handy and portable. Vaporizers come in all forms and sizes. Just check out the available listings, and choose according to your style preference. The good thing is that the benefits of medical cannabis are felt at much lower temperatures and no high heat or smoke.
The types of foods you can make with cannabis are limitless. Anything you can make with butter, you can add cannabutter to. From brownies to cookies, gummy bears to crackers, the list of possibilities for cooking with cannabis are endless. Just remember that it takes much longer for the psychoactive effects to take place because your body needs to digest it first.
Topicals are great for applying to your body without the potential risk of a psychoactive reaction. Lotions and creams infused with medical marijuana can reduce inflammation and bring relief quickly.
4. Brew It
How about taking “high tea” to a whole new level? Stew the stems and leaves of the cannabis plant as you would other herbs. The medicinal and health benefits, such as reducing chronic pain, have been often praised. Plus, it’s a warm and comforting feeling on a day when you are feeling down.
Dabbing is done with water pipes and cannabis concentrate. It has a very potent effect when inhaled. Some dabbing stems and contraptions look like art pieces, and many “cannabis connoisseurs” collect them as such.
Whether you need a place to buy cannabis edibles or are looking for cannabis buds on sale, Greener Pastures is a dispensary to meet all your needs. Visit us today.
Marijuana, including edibles, has been clinically proven to provide health benefits for those suffering from at least 15 different diseases and ailments. A 2013 study showed that 76% of physicians approve its use medicinally. Although people most often smoke marijuana, you’ll be remiss in not realizing that medical cannabis edibles offer many benefits over inhaling it.
Stronger and Longer-Lasting Effects
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a chemical found in all strains of marijuana. Its importance lies in the fact that it acts as a natural pain reliever by binding to nerve receptors. When smoked, THC goes directly into the brain for an immediate high that diminishes quickly. When ingested, THC goes to the liver where it undergoes a different metabolism and readily crosses the blood-brain barrier. As such, edibles cause the effects of marijuana to be more pronounced and last longer.
Marijuana dispensaries typically offer edibles in serving sizes with a specific amount of THC in them. A dose of 10 milligrams of THC is often the recommended amount, but the dosage that’s best suited for you should be worked out with a physician because edibles affect different people in different ways.
Brownies are by far the most known and popular form of edible marijuana. If you’re not that into brownies, you can use coconut and other oils infused with marijuana as a replacement for butter in your favorite recipe.
Next to brownies and other baked goods, candy has become a popular edible form for those with a sweet tooth. You can find many types of specially made candies laced with cannabis including lollipops, candy gems, and chocolates.
Honey, in of itself, provides benefits due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory characteristics. Pair honey with edible marijuana, and it becomes like a super food. Use it as a sweetener in tea or as a topping on your favorite bread.
Easy and Discrete
While many states have legalized medical marijuana, it’s often illegal to smoke it in public. Cannabis edibles provide a more natural and discrete means of getting the dose you want when and where you want it. Conveniently take some on the go, pack for lunch, or keep around as an evening snack.
Edible marijuana offers more benefits than you may have thought possible from treating symptoms of Alzheimer’s to multiple sclerosis. Whether or not you like to smoke weed, edibles offer endless possibilities for getting the right dose of marijuana into your system. Edibles are longer lasting, easy, discrete, delicious, and fun to eat. See for yourself and buy cannabis edibles online from a credible marijuana dispensary!
The Montana House and Senate have both passed SB333, a bill seeking to generally revise medical marijuana laws in Montana, and now the initiative is waiting to be signed into law via Governor Steve Bullock’s signature. Sponsored by Mary Caferro, a Helena Democrat, the new law would introduce reasonable taxation and regulations within Montana’s medical marijuana industry. Mary Caferro crafted the bill so that it complies with federal injunctions.
What Exactly Will Change?
The new law focuses on a handful of facets within the current industry; one being the tracking of each and every medical marijuana from seed, plant, to final cultivation and production. This would give our local government the ability to ensure the harvested cannabis that is meant for legal patients won’t end up on the black market and be sold illegally. This kind of state accountability would also help inhibit the federal government from raiding providers throughout Montana and would help safeguard the medical marijuana program here so that it isn’t shut down by some aspect of federal law.
Essentially, Bill SB333 is aimed at upholding a transparent, effective, and safe system for medical marijuana patients and providers by making sure providers are held responsible for their grow operations and to keep medical marijuana off the streets and away from our school systems.
This structure of tracking and accountability will require the implementation of a complex network infrastructure, one that will rely on the support of constituent’s tax dollars to operate effectively. Similar to other state models, SB333 will effectuate new taxes on medical marijuana to make sure that the money that is necessary to overview and grow Montana’s new system is in place and that things are regulated efficiently and transparently.
Another aspect of SB333 will require providers of medical marijuana who have over 10 patients in Montana to submit samples of their product to laboratories with oversight from the government who would then test and make sure the plant is pure and does not contain additives or chemicals to enhance effects. Those who have 10 or less patients will be exempt from this part of the law until 2020, after which time they too will be held to these same regulations. Random samples of product will be taken from providers or a licensed medical marijuana dispensary during unannounced inspections and tested for contaminants. All marijuana sold will contain a label showing whether it has been tested.
Changes also include the number of seedlings (plants that are both in a vegetative state and under a cubic foot) allowed for patients that are also their own provider to go from 12 to 4. Provider plant counts will be based on a canopy model. Provider fees will also go up to a maximum of $5,000 per year.
Further impacts of SB333
This law will also allow for concentrates and oils which contain THC to be legally created and sold by providers within the state.
In addition, Montana medical marijuana cards will now include a picture and will be capable of tracking purchases by registered cardholders. Minors will also be able to obtain medical marijuana from a provider, not just their parent or guardian.
Providers will need to have been a Montana resident for 3 years.
How Many Tax Dollars Are We Talking About?
SB333 will tax providers four percent on their gross sales the first year the law comes into effect, and follows up with a two percent tax after the first year is completed. These tax dollars will go directly to funding the regulation and oversight of the industry.
We will know by Friday, May 5th 2017 if Governor Steve Bullock has chosen to veto SB333 or allow it to become Montana law.
The Tantalus Labs Cannabis Cultivation Approach
It’s Time to Take Things Outdoors
When it comes to plants like cannabis, the fact that they grow like weeds doesn’t mean the are easy to cultivate. Below we have identified a few mistakes that every novice grower make.
Using Excessive Nutrients
Most marijuana farmers can easily make this mistake at one point because several nutrient brands attach a feeding schedule on their packaging, and most of these programs advocate for the use of high dosages. But you DO NOT want to do this. Overfeeding cannabis plants causes nutrient burn (nute burn). To avoid this mistake, use only a quarter of the recommended dosage on the feeding schedule, and when your plant show signs of deficiency, gradually increase the nutrients to half or more.
Managing pH Poorly
If you’re cultivating cannabis for the first time, you need to remember several formulas, acronyms, and regimens. After hearing some of the jargon such as PPK, PPM, Lucas Formula, and pH among others, most people want to ignore them and just water their plants. Although watering your plants may seem enough, don’t ignore ph. Poor pH results to sickly crops, small buds, and in worst situations dead cannabis plants.
When it comes to your crops, pH determines how much nutrients they can take in. When the pH is right, your cannabis crop absorbs the perfect amount of nutrients.The first thing you need is a pH testing kit and giving your plants enough water in the correct range. In most cases, nutrient deficiencies are often pH problems that cripple the plant from taking certain nutrients.
Most people believe that plants need water and the sun every day. If you are a new grower, you may be tempted to water your plants more often than recommended. Overwatered cannabis plants adopt a droopy posture, and in severe cases, this can kill them. However, overwatered plants can quickly get restored by providing oxygen. What kills the plants isn’t just excess water but deprivation of oxygen.
Not Providing Enough Light
Light is the primary determinant of how close a cannabis plant will get to its optimal bulk and height. Plants need light, and marijuana plants that make large buds require more light. However, this doesn’t mean that you need to buy a strong bulb for your small plants. Most growers start by using CFLs and change as the plants grow.
Poor Climate Control
It doesn’t matter whether you’re gardening outside, inside or in a greenhouse, you should be extra careful about the climate. Humidity and temperature are essential for the healthy development of cannabis plants. Low temperatures cause a stunted growth and can kill the plants, and when the plants are too hot, they can develop heat stress.
Breathing in deeply all of the aromas that a live cannabis plant has to offer can be an incredibly invigorating experience.
Similar to wine tasters who first get a sampling of the scents and nuanced notes before diving in, taking in all of the aromas from a fully blossomed cannabis flower to the earthier smells of the stalk is arguably half the experience.
Curating that experience for consumers is not always the easiest thing. When you prepare cannabis you often end up cutting away cannabis stalk. That alone can diminish a number of aromas that you get to take in. But live resin cannabis concentrate is slightly different than other concentrates.
How are live resin cannabis concentrates made?
Live resin cannabis concentrates have undergone a high-tech technique that takes fresh cannabis and exposes it to subcritical temperatures.
Subcritical temperatures are applied to your cannabis before and during the extraction process. The process of producing a live resin cannabis concentrate and using subcritical temperatures leaves many of the wonderful smelling constituents of the mature cannabis flower intact.
Cannabis’ trichomes and terpenes left intact
The trichomes in the cannabis flower and the terpenes in the cannabis plant are largely kept intact through the concentration process discussed above.
The reason that many concentration processes (e.g. cured concentrates) can diminish the aroma of your cannabis is that the process itself allows the trichomes in the cannabis flower to lose moisture and even chlorophyll prior to the extraction process even starting.
Too much heat and light and too little oxygen can have similarly devastating effects on your cannabis plants’ terpenes.
Any time that terpenes get damaged or degraded, your cannabis concentrate is going to have less of an aroma. Because a live resin cannabis concentrate is flash frozen after harvest and leading up to extraction, your final product will retain most of its trichome and terpene profile. That’s a very good thing.
Are live resins new?
In short, yes. Live resin cannabis concentrates are a somewhat recent addition to most retailers’ cannabis product lineups.
Cannabis retailers out in Colorado developed a new extraction process using a BHO extractor sometime around 2011. The originators of this new cannabis concentration process found that they could freeze freshly harvested cannabis and retain much of its aroma profile throughout concentration.
Another advantage to creating live resin cannabis concentrates is that the added terpene content of your final product could create a more intense psychoactive effect. Terpenes might also synergistically interact with cannabinoids like THC to create a more enjoyable overall cannabis experience.
Tetrahydrocannainoilic Acid (THCa)
There is a substance within live particles of medical marijuana trichomes (fine outgrowths or appendages on plants) called Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCa). THCa transitions and becomes THC when a medical marijuana plant reaches maturity and embarks upon its curing process after harvest. One of the main reasons for curing cannabis plants is to turn the THCa into THC which gives patients a more cerebral high. THCa, in its pure form, actually contains no psychoactive properties because of its acidic state. It is for this reason that scientists are excited about the multitude of potential opportunities within the medical field that THCa could bring.
The full medical benefits of THCa are still being researched. However, it has been shown to exhibit similar natural medicative properties of THC such as its anti-inflammatory properties along with its ability to ease pain, help with sleep and many other therapeutical benefits.
Some studies have shown that it is possible to keep THCa in its natural state without it breaking down into THC. Conversely, there seem to be other studies that deduct that the compound is extremely fragile and would break down into THC within weeks. Through time and continued research we can hopefully unlock the secrets of THCa and learn more about its properties and specifically its healing abilities.
Current known potential benefits of THCa
Helps Reduce Nausea and Vomiting
Eases Symptoms of Insomnia
Slows Cancerous Cell Growth
Muscle Spasm Relief
Slows and Heals Damage to the Brain and Nervous System
CBG – Cannabigerol
Cannabigerol (CBG) is known to block out the psychoactive properties of THC while still supporting the medical properties of the plant that help patients. CBG has been shown in studies to help grow and develop brain cells in a process known as “neurogenesis.” CBG can actually alter itself into different cannabinoid structures that can treat different symptoms. Some scientists say that CBG can help treat tumors as well as harboring strong antibacterial properties.
Some patients suffering from seizures have found that CBG is more beneficial than CBD for their bodies.
Because medical marijuana is so heavily regulated by state and (mainly) federal laws, it has been a slow and grueling process trying to cut through the red tape in allowing scientists to research and study the plant in laboratories, and therefore, at this time it is difficult to understand just how powerful CBG is.
Currently Known Potential Benefits of CBG
Bone Stimulant – promotes strong healthy bones
Inhibits cancer cell growth
Helps reduce seizures and convulsions
Helps with insomnia
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Basically, if you are a patient trying to use medical marijuana to treat symptoms that this plant has proven to help others with, but do not want the ‘high’ that comes from the entire plant, you have the option to utilize the CBG and THCa rich tinctures. Each patient is unique in the way they respond to medical cannabis so it is important that more research be done to allow the public to understand their options and utilize medical marijuana in a way that will benefit them the most.
The fruit of our efforts are finally realized with our new Greener Pastures branch in the Montana landscape. Big Sky, Montana is a growing mountain town with easy access to some of the biggest skiing in America. The patients that live in Big Sky needed a local and secure dispensary where they can have safe access to their medicine. We thought it pertinent to launch a new chapter of our company and start serving our current and future patients within the Big Sky area.
It is our belief that all patients in Montana who rely on medical marijuana should have the ability to feel comfortable and confident in regards to buying their medicine. We strive to bring you the most organic, highest quality medicine with a diversification of strains to treat each symptom and individual uniquely.
Top 3 Mottos We Live By:
Secure & Private – To maintain a secure and private establishment where patients can feel stress free when they pick up their medicine and can soak in the relaxing and luxurious ambiance of our stores.
Organic & Chemical Free – We believe that medical marijuana should be grown organically without pesticides or chemicals that end up within the medicine you use.
Educated Staff – Our staff undergoes an extensive training program so that they know the differences between the many types of medication within our store. Each strain results in unique results so it is imperative that you get guidance in deciding which medicine would be best to treat your symptoms.
Our mission is to make sure every facet of our business is dedicated to ultimate client satisfaction. We encourage all of our patients to let us know how we can make our product and company better.
We invite you to visit us in Big Sky at 120 Big Pine Drive #5, Big Sky, MT. It is our pleasure to add another location where our patients can purchase their medication. If you have any questions about what makes us different, or how we can help you please don’t hesitate to call us at 406-599-4836
A Big Thanks from the entire team at Greener Pastures!
Regarded by many scientist and physicians as a reliable treatment option for people suffering from a variety of ailments, the stigma of cannabis is dissipating. According to archaeological records, the use of cannabis for medical purposes dates back to approximately 4,000 BC. Listed in the United States Pharmacopeia from 1850 until 1942, cannabis was used to treat for many ailments back to the mid-1800s. According to the U.S. Pharmacopeia’s archived records, medical cannabis was used to treat many ailments including but not limited to rheumatism, nausea, and even labor pains, along with other ailments.
In more recent years, scientific studies from the Scripps Research Institute have concluded that THC may prevent Alzheimer’s disease. The study reached this conclusion after discovering that THC works as a superior inhibitor to block amyloid plaque -clusters of protein deposits in the brain- that ultimately inhibit memory and cognition. In addition, the study indicated that THC may improve the symptoms and slow the progression of this disease.
Overall, the quality of life for patients treated with medical cannabis has improved notably above and beyond measure, especially when compared to the results of standard prescribed medications. According to the first phase of a clinical trial funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, scientists claimed, “Antipsychotic medications -which are commonly prescribed to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer’s patients- are no more effective than a placebo” and “the medication’s tendency to cause intolerable adverse side effects in this vulnerable population outweighed the benefits.”
Currently, only 28 states have legalized medical cannabis. Unfortunately, treatment with medicinal cannabis is not an option in the rest of the USA. The yearning to be healthy is a great motivator for change. Perhaps soon, people will come to know the truth with regard to the incredible benefits of using medical cannabis as a prescription for many acute and chronic illnesses.
Stay tuned to Greener Pastures for more industry news and tips.
The medical benefits of cannabis are finally coming to light now that many states are legalizing marijuana for medical use. Some of these medical benefits, such as the ability of cannabis to act as a pain reliever, are proven. However, many scientists believe cannabis has additional medical properties, such as the potential to help patients suffering from disorders such as ADHD and Alzheimer’s disease.
How Cannabis Can Help With Alzheimer’s
There are some people who are skeptical as to whether cannabis has the ability to treat Alzheimer’s disease. After all, marijuana use is often associated with the stigma of short-term memory loss. However, numerous studies link the use of cannabis with the potential prevention of Alzheimer’s disease.
The Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease published a pre-clinical study in 2014 that reveals how cannabis can help prevent Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers believe that body’s overproduction of beta-amyloid proteins may be one of the leading causes of Alzheimer’s Disease.The Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease study concluded that small amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) can slow down the body’s production of beta-amyloid proteins. Additionally, a study performed at the Salk Institute in California reveals that THC, along with other compounds found in marijuana, can actually reduce the number of beta-amyloid found in the brain.
These studies show the potential benefit that cannabis can have in slowing down or possibly even preventing Alzheimer’s disease. However, as of yet, there is no concrete evidence directly connecting the two.
How Cannabis Can Help With ADHD
One of the most commonly known effects of cannabis is relaxation. It is why medical marijuana is often prescribed to patients suffering from anxiety. It is also why many people choose to use marijuana in a recreational capacity. ADHD, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, makes it difficult for sufferers to stay focused.
Recent research on cannabis and ADHD published in Germany back in 2015 reveals that patients with ADHD responded positively to cannabis use. The study used 30 subjects that all suffered from ADHD and that did not respond to Ritalin or Adderall. The use of cannabis helped to improve their concentration and their sleep in addition to reducing impulsiveness.
Cannabis could be a better alternative to standard ADHD medications for a number of reasons. ADHD medications are often stimulants that can cause potentially harmful side effects. These side effects include high blood pressure and an increased risk of heart disease. Cannabis use is not linked to any of these side effects.
As more studies focus on the potential benefits of cannabis, the more it looks like cannabis may provide medical benefits to individuals that are suffering from ADHD and Alzheimer’s disease. Although further research is needed, the use of cannabis as a medical alternative to potentially addictive prescription drugs looks to be a viable one.
The use of cannabis has been proven beneficial for a number of different health conditions. Unfortunately, despite the multiple studies on the benefits of cannabis use for conditions such as chronic pain and glaucoma, many people still think that cannabis use is bad for you. This is because the anti-marijuana community has long perpetuated a number of myths in order to demonize its use. It is one of the main reasons it has taken so long for cannabis to become decriminalized nationwide. The following are five of the most common myths that anti-marijuana advocates use to argue against the legalization of cannabis use:
- Cannabis is addictive – First of all, people can become addicted to almost anything. You can become addicted to caffeine or even to fast food. This is known as psychological addiction. In this sense, cannabis is theoretically addictive. However, marijuana does not cause chemical addiction, which occurs when your body can no longer function properly without the use of a certain drug. The use of hard drugs, like heroin or cocaine, can lead to chemical addiction. In fact, cannabis has a much lower rate of addition when compared to alcohol and tobacco.
- Cannabis is a gateway drug – One of the biggest arguments against cannabis use is that it is a gateway to harder, more dangerous drugs. While it is true that many hard drug users start off by using marijuana, this in itself does not prove causation. In fact, there is very little evidence to suggest that using marijuana leads people to abuse hard drugs.
- Cannabis will cause lung cancer – Studies vary when it comes to this subject. There is a small chance that smoking cannabis can increase your risk of lung cancer, but consuming cannabis instead of smoking it eliminates this small risk entirely. Some studies even propose that cannabis use could help reduce the risk of lung cancer.
- Cannabis use leads to crime – Back in the day, anti-cannabis advocates argued that marijuana use would make people violent. However, cannabis generally causes users to become the exact opposite of violent. Any crime related to cannabis is generally a result of its prohibition and not its use.
- Cannabis use leads to low motivation – A common argument against the use of marijuana is that it causes laziness. Although some studies do show that marijuana users are sometimes less motivated than non-marijuana users, these studies did not identify marijuana as the reason for this. Additionally, some of the most successful people in the world have used cannabis, including Bill Gates and Barack Obama.
These are five of the main arguments made against the use and legalization of cannabis – and none of them are true. Cannabis is not only safe to use, but offers unique benefits.Stay tuned to Green Pastures
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is one of the additions that Initiative-182 added to the list of debilitating conditions on which a physician in Montana can prescribe medical marijuana. This is a big win for soldiers who have fought for our country as well as anyone else who has to deal with PTSD on an ongoing basis.
PTSD occurs after someone has experienced a life-threatening event such as war, natural disasters, car accidents, sexual assaults and more. Victims of PTSD often have trouble forgetting past memories which can affect daily life by distracting and haunting the patient.
Research has revealed that PTSD is directly correlated with the human endocannabinoid system. People suffering from PTSD have a greater number of cannabinoid Type 1 receptors, as compared to those who don’t. This seems to be the reason why medical marijuana has been shown to temporarily reduce symptoms associated with PTSD.
Although a comprehensive study has yet to be conducted on the beneficial correlations of medical marijuana and PTSD, the basis of the belief stems from personal experiences of veterans (and others) who suffer from this disorder, all testifying that medical marijuana gave them relief from their symptoms. These accounts have led to an increase in testing the relationship between anxiety and cannabinoids (but not post-traumatic stress disorder). As the fear of federal backlash lessens, research facilities will continue more extensive testing on the relationship between medical marijuana and PTSD.
If you suffer from PTSD and are interested in learning more about the benefits of medical marijuana, we encourage you to talk to your doctor on how cannabinoids might help with your symptoms. Greener Pastures can help you by referring you to a doctor with experience who can answer your questions about using cannabis for PTSD.
Call 406-599-0923 OR click HERE to schedule your appointment.
Huzzah! Montana district judge, James Reynolds of Helena, ruled today that providers don’t have to wait till the end of June to start accepting patients again! Starting immediately, I-182 will go into effect and Greener Pastures will begin signing up patients and enrolling them into our program. If you are a past patient of ours, or a new patient looking for a provider, please read through the following Q&A to learn more about what it takes to become a Greener Pastures patient.
Q. What do I do to continue, or begin, my legal access to Medicinal Marijuana?
A. There are three categories patients will fall into:
1. Past patients who switched their status to become their own provider after August 31st and before their card was expired or terminated, will need to come by the store and have Greener Pastures help set up a Change of Provider Form for the state.
2. Patients who let their cards terminate but their expiration date has not yet arrived can visit the original doctor that initially wrote them their prescription and have them re-write another prescription to which Greener Pastures can then send in to the state to have them re-activated within our system.
3. For patients who have never had a card, or past patients whose card has expired, will need to go through the appointment process with a doctor and claim Greener Pastures as their provider. If you need help finding a doctor and want to learn more about becoming a patient for Greener Pastures, please give our office a call and we would be happy to help you get started.
Q. What are the biggest changes that I-182 will bring?
A. Some of the most important changes stemming from Initiative 182 will be the ability for providers to have more than three patients that they can legally grow for, allowing for those suffering with PTSD to legally gain access to medical marijuana, and unannounced annual inspections from the health department of provider grow areas. These changes will help create a safer medical marijuana program in Montana.
Remember, if you have any questions, don’t hesitate to call us at 406.599.0923 and talk to us in person. We are working hard to get the storefront up and running, and to provide the highest quality medical marijuana to the patients of southwestern Montana who need it most.
Our storefront in Big Sky, Montana will be also be ready to help those in need as soon as possible, we will keep you updated on its progress.
Thank you for your patience as we band together to approach the new law with the utmost respect and consideration.
Congratulations Montana! It was impressive to see the number of Montana constituents who came together to show their support for medical marijuana in Montana. I-182 passed with flying colors and providers around the state are working with Congress and law enforcement on getting their doors opened as soon as possible, providing patients with legal, medicinal grade marijuana.
Greener Pastures is doing the same and making sure the law in Bozeman is followed 100%. We will keep you posted on how the timeline develops and will let you know the minute we get the ‘okay’ to welcome you back to our stores.
We are excited for a new chapter of medical marijuana in Montana, I-182 will allow for safer, easier access for patients and will allow for a more companionable oversight of operations throughout Montana by the government, which we welcome as it will only make us stronger and our products better.
Once again, congratulations Montana! The patients of this great state thank you. Let us make sure we respect the privilege and freedom democracy has given us. Let us proceed with care, compassion, and respect as we work together with state laws to forge a sustainable, above reproach pathway into the future.
Please help support I-182 and learn more about the future of medical marijuana in Montana by attending a meeting and discussion on I-182 tonight at the Emerson Cultural Center. A collaborative effort by MontanaPBS, League of Women Voters, and The Cancer Support Community, the event hopes to discuss how initiative 182 will help medical marijuana patients of Montana, and how it will be different from the current medical marijuana state law.
There will be a showing of the PBS film “Clearing the Smoke – The Science of Cannabis”. As well as a discussion on the pros and cons of I-182 and how we can work together to make sure the sick Montana patients who use medical marijuana will have safe access to their medicine.
Join us and help start an open discussion about the future of Medical Marijuana in Montana.
Date: September 26, 2016.
Time: 6:00PM to 9:00PM
Location: The Emerson Cultural Center – 111 South Grand
Despite the plea for an extension, lawmakers are insisting that dispensaries close their doors starting August 31st, tomorrow. The new law comes into motion at 12:00pm tonight and will effectively shut down all medical marijuana providers in Montana. We would like to thank all of our patients, friends, family and advocates who have supported us through the years. We pledge that we will be back up and running as soon as the law of Montana allows us to do so.
If you are unhappy about the shutdown of medical marijuana providers in Montana, we urge you to show your support and vote YES on I-182 in the ballots in November. You can also write to your local and state government officials to express to them the travesty that has been brought upon the legitimate patients who use marijuana as medicine.
Please feel free to call us if you have any questions. We are bereaved that archaic stereotypes and outdated propaganda demonizing marijuana have so adversely affected the legal medical marijuana patients of Montana. But we have always, and will always, follow the rules of the land and respect the law of this great state in which we live.
Thank you again for all of your support.
Calling all eligible voters, if you care about the future of medical marijuana in Montana, then you should register to vote as soon as possible. At the end of August the current medical marijuana program will be effectively cut off. Meaning all those patients who use cannabis as medicine will be forced to illegally buy their goods on the black market.
It is important that we put a stop to the tirade of prohibition against a medicine that has been proven to help the sick and dying. Just recently Democratic Attorney General candidate Larry Jent stated that he thought it was wrong for Tim Fox to not support a delay in enforcing the new restrictive medical marijuana laws that are going into place at the end of August 2016 (this month). The Attorney General candidate went as far as saying that what Tim Fox is doing “defies common sense…”.
Let us make it clear that Montana needs to join the rest of the medical cannabis states in the country that have created laws that allow for safe, regulated, access to medical marijuana. It’s time to take the money out of the drug czars and smugglers who flood the black market with dangerous untested marijuana. Let’s band together and vote to allow for a law abiding citizen of this great state to buy their medicine and have the taxes go towards our schools and infrastructure.
There are a few ways you can register to vote and help Montana get back on track.
You can print out the Montana voter application from the following link and send it into your county elections office.
You can walk into your county elections office and fill out the form in person.
You can visit Vote.USA.Gov which will lead you through the steps of how to become a registered voter in the state of Montana.
We are given the opportunity to vote democratically in order to make the will of the people heard and just. Please help out your fellow Montanans and register to vote so we can show the government of this great state that we support a positive change in the world of medical marijuana.
Pledge your vote for those terminally ill patients of Montana that rely on Medical Marijuana to get them through the day. The future is in our hands, let us show our power in numbers.
It’s official, I-182 is going to be on the ballot in November! With over the required 25,000 signatures, I-182 will be presented to the voters and it’s up to Montanans to decide to pass the initiative. This ballot item will provide a way for legal patients to have safe and reliable access to medicinal marijuana. We are heading in the right direction, offering Montana constituents the right to choose, and giving Montana medical marijuana patients a reason to celebrate!
However, our work is not done. Educating the voting populace on this ballot issue and spreading the word is extremely important to create a meaningful impact for this election, and future rights issues in Montana. Once voters truly realize the number and breadth of citizens in our state who are suffering from the many diseases and sicknesses that medical marijuana has been known to help, they will be able to make better informed decisions at the polls.
If you haven’t heard yet, the current medicinal marijuana program in Bozeman is being severely limited at the end of August2016 (that’s next month). Providers will essentially be forced to close their doors until the new initiative is passed and becomes law.
I-182 will provide a more transparent regulation system of medical marijuana in Montana, and will also seek to make the medicine safer with unannounced inspections of medical marijuana facilities, as well as a way to test medical marijuana for molds and pesticides to make sure the best quality medicine is available for the patients who need it.
I-182 will also allow for Montanans who have post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to be eligible to be prescribed medical marijuana to help with their suffering. Now it will be possible for our veterans who have fought for our country and suffer from PTSD to have access to the medicine that will help them.
Also in the news, I-176 the Montana Drug Prohibition Initiative has fallen short of the required signatures needed to get on the ballot. Currently the initiative is 4,000 signatures short of being qualified. This is good news for those who believe in medicinal marijuana as I-176 would make all forms of medical marijuana illegal in Montana.
Give yourselves a pat on the back Montana, we are doing well in the race to support our fellow citizens, let’s continue to fight for our rights and spread the word to vote YES on I-182 in November.
One of the leading causes of death in the United States might be on the precipice of a sustainable treatment (dare we say a “cure”?) as researchers dig into healing applications of THC from medical marijuana. Published in the 2016 issue of Nature, researchers at the Salk Institute (a non-profit research organization out of southern California) have potentially developed a link between Alzheimer’s Disease and the medicinal properties of THC.
Alzheimer’s Disease is a neurodegenerative disease that begins slowly and increasingly gets worse over time. Simply stated, it causes a plaque in brain cells to develop that progressively starts to worsen brain function, causing memory loss and overall mental deterioration. The disease also causes cellular inflammation and neuron death. Most patients are left bereft of a cure, hoping only for attentive care and the presence of devoted family members they may soon forget.
All that might change according to David Schubert, the senior author of the study as well as the head of the Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory of the Salk Institute. The laboratories run by David Schubert have found that THC can actually inhibit cellular inflammation and that cannabinoids have the potential to break down amyloid beta within brain cells.
You see, the brain has a natural defense against amyloid beta by producing endocannabinoid receptors. It has been shown that physical activity and exercise can help produce these endocannabinoid receptors. However, the studies done by the Salk Institute actually show that THC from medical marijuana mimics this same natural process within the brain. This breakthrough research has produced enough evidence that the scientific community is buzzing with anticipation and the desire to dig into the possibilities of the findings. The potential to create a medicine from THC that can help the millions of people suffering from Alzheimers around the world, should have many laboratories vying for more compounded results.
In 2015, there were approximately 48 million people worldwide that were affected by Alzheimer’s. The research done by the Salk Institute could revolutionize the way we treat this neurological disease and set new precedence on the benefits of medical marijuana.
Remember that medical marijuana in Montana is in danger of being banned and made illegal, no matter if it helps a Montana patient or not. There is a chance to support medical marijuana in Montana and the potential it has to help patients suffering from Alzheimer’s and other horrible diseases and cancers. Vote YES on I-182 in the Montana ballot in November and show the state that we care for those unfortunate Montanans who are sick and looking for relief.
One way in which cannabis undoubtedly proves its worth in medicine is through the testimonial effects it has on children who suffer from extreme seizures. Some children have thousands of seizures a month, and doctors desperately prescribe a constant oversupply of very expensive prescription medicine to help mitigate them. Luckily, cannabinoids have been found to help children with their seizures.
Because marijuana is still illegal under federal laws, universities and laboratories have a hard time testing and learning more about the plant and how it can help those with seizures. As of now, the best chance we have to learn about the healing aspects of marijuana is through our own experiences and the testimonies of those around us that we trust.
Enter Charlotte Figi, an American child who suffers from Dravet Syndrome. Dravet Syndrome starts within the first year of a child’s life and causes many different types of seizures which hamper cognitive functioning, cause motor deficits and behavioral disorders. Basically, a parent’s worse nightmare.
Charlotte was having an average of 300 seizures a week, despite being treated with the best prescription drugs available. After concluding that the medicine Charlotte was taking was not helping and something else needed to happen immediately, Charlotte’s parents decided it was time to try something different.
The Figi family decided to try medical marijuana, seeking out an oil that was very low in THC, yet very high in cannabidiol (CBD). They were able to put Charlotte on a daily medication routine of cannabis oil and take her off of her prescription drugs.
Charlotte’s reaction to the medicine was immediate and significant. Her parents instantly noticed the medicine working and Charlotte’s seizures starting to decline. After three years of using the CBD oil, Charlotte’s seizures had dropped from almost a thousand seizures a month, to just four.
There is a strain grown in Colorado specifically for Charlotte and children like her who suffer from similar seizures. It is called Charlotte’s Web. Even though the oil created from the medical marijuana plant has an extremely low volume of THC, it is still illegal under federal guidelines and cannot be transported out of Colorado. This forces families with children who suffer from Dravet Syndrome, and other seizures, to move their family from the place they call home just so they can administer the medicine their child needs to survive.
Please remember that it is our duty as concerned citizens for children like Charlotte to go to the voting booths in November and vote YES on Initiative 182! It’s time to put a stop to the needless war on marijuana and allow doctors and scientists to study the plant’s medicinal purposes to help all those who need it.
VOTE YES ON I-182!
“Democracy is based upon the conviction that there are extraordinary possibilities in ordinary people.”
— Harry Emerson Fosdick
Victory! The recent efforts of Montana constituents has paid off and headway has been made! A united front, the people of Bozeman banded together and raised enough votes, over 36,000 and counting, to get I-182 on the ballot in November. Considering that the state requirement for signatures was approximately 25,000 signatures by June 17th, this overwhelming response to get this initiative on the ballot is not only heart-warming, but indicative of the importance of the issue.
Montanans will now have the chance to take to the polls and democratically show support through our numbers. It’s time to stand up for the right to choose one’s form of medication! Why allow prescription pills, which the medical community loves to prescribe, to continue to harm constituents of all ages and regions when a naturally derived form of medication, medical grade marijuana, has proven itself to be of such incredible healing benefit? In face of our state government succumbing to politics and stereotypes by restricting access to medical marijuana on August 31, effectively asphyxiating the legal industry, thousands of patients across this great state will lose their access to the medicine they need to help them (and will be out of luck until we vote in a new initiative come November). In other words, we need to fight for this right, or we leave the patients of Montana without safe, legal access to their chosen medicine.
We have been fighting for our rights since 2004 when 64% of Montanans voted yes for I-148 which made medical marijuana accessible in Montana. In 2011, when the law was repealed, we have faced an uphill battle for the right to use medical marijuana in Montana. With the help of Montana voters we might finally be on the verge of overcoming this current struggle.
For those of you who have not yet heard of I-182, it is an initiative that will allow for better access to medical marijuana in Montana. There are a few main points that I-182 is seeking to reinstate and implement.
Legally allowing medical marijuana to be tested in a laboratory for harmful molds and other toxins, ensuring a safe medicinal product
The Ballot language officially reads as the follows:
BALLOT LANGUAGE FOR INITIATIVE NO. 182 (I-182) INITIATIVE NO. 182 A LAW PROPOSED BY INITIATIVE PETITION I-182 renames the Montana Marijuana Act to the Montana Medical Marijuana Act and amends the Act. I-182 allows a single treating physician to certify medical marijuana for a patient diagnosed with chronic pain and includes post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a “debilitating medical condition” for which a physician may certify medical marijuana. Licensing requirements, fees and prohibitions are detailed for medical marijuana dispensaries and testing laboratories. I-182 repeals the limit of three patients for each licensed provider, and allows providers to hire employees to cultivate, dispense, and transport medical marijuana. I-182 repeals the requirement that physicians who provide certifications for 25 or more patients annually be referred to the board of medical examiners. I-182 removes the authority of law enforcement to conduct unannounced inspections of medical marijuana facilities, and requires annual inspections by the State.
Why are humans receiving all of the benefits of medical marijuana? What if your pet suffers from seizures, chronic pain, inflammation, arthritis, or just plain old age? Shouldn’t they have access to safer and more natural ways of relieving their symptoms? Well, in the near future, it is all but certain they will. There is a growing movement among concerned pet owners to make medicinal cannabis accessible for dogs, cats, and other pets who are ailing and not able to cope with, or have experienced too many negative side effects from, prescription drugs that most veterinarians recommend.
Studies have conclusively shown that cannabis has powerful healing properties for humans. These same healing properties can also be transferred and infused into dog and cat treats that might be able to help your pet with their health issues when nothing else can. One company, Canna-Companion, has acted on this naturally derived medicine and is leading the way in cannabis infused pet treats. Canna-Companion is one of the largest suppliers of CBD treats for dogs and cats. They scientifically extract the medicinal properties of the plant, and utilize sativa strains, to administer the medicine to animals without the ‘high’ effects that ingesting the plant wholly would cause.
Canna-Companion uses Phytocannabinoids, Terpenes, and Flavonoids mixed with Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, and Vitamin B6. With a high ratio of CBD and a low ratio of THC, the medicine created by Canna-Companion provides the right balance to ensure your pet does not experience the euphoric feelings of THC while still providing the amount of marijuana compounds to produce beneficial and healing results.
Possible Health Benefits for Dogs/Cats:
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) and PETA cannot endorse medicinal cannabis for pets because there hasn’t been enough research conducted for this niche. One of the reasons there hasn’t been much research is due to the fact that marijuana is still classified as a Schedule I Drug, in the same category as heroin, meth and crack.
Here in Montana we are experiencing a dilemma that has the potential to leave thousands of sick Montanans without medicine. Fortunately there are other states like Colorado, Washington, and Oregon that are more progressive and understanding in regards to safe, responsible, medicinal use of cannabis.
We need to spread the word to vote YES on I-182 in November. The medicinal marijuana program in Montana will be cut down at the end of August and we need to make sure we stick together and get to the ballots to set responsible regulations for safe access to medicinal marijuana in Montana. For your fellow sick and dying medical Marijuana patients here in our great state, and for our suffering cats and dogs that help us get through the day, it is up to us to bring momentum to the cause!
While some Montanans have voiced their dissent with the recent decisions made by the Montana Supreme Court, not enough have spoken up to make clear that the public supports medical marijuana patient’s right to access their medicine. The Montana Supreme Court recently made a statement in response to the outcry against their drastic changes on the medical marijuana laws of Montana. More to save face and appease the public than anything else, the court ruled to postpone the application of the law changes until August 31, 2016. This heralds both good and bad news.
The Good News: Medical marijuana patients of Montana will have access to their medicine for at least four more months.
The Bad News: The Montana Supreme Court still intends to restrict how medical patients get cannabis after August. This essentially means that they will regulate local dispensaries out of business, thus making it harder for patients to access, and unfortunately, making the black market venues of buying marijuana more attractive to constituents. Overall, this ruling makes it more difficult for the sick and legally registered to have an easy, safe, and law-abiding way to access their medicine.
After August, medical marijuana providers will be forced to shut their doors to patients, and we will all have to band together to fight the injustice brought on by a state government more concerned with outdated stereotypes of cannabis, than facing reality and actually serving the real needs of constituents who prefer natural medicine to chemically derived prescription pill ones.
There is, however, a silver lining; we will all have the opportunity to vote on I-182. I-182 is a initiative in November for Montana constituents to vote on medical marijuana and what level patients will be able to access this medicine. This is our chance to exercise our voice as tax paying, law abiding citizens, and either way it offers us the chance to completely reformat the rules on medical marijuana in Montana, making this medicine accessible to those who need it, and allow providers to continue to grow plants for those who cannot grow their own. The law would also make it possible for testing laboratories to legally test cannabis for molds and toxins that might be harmful to humans.
Now is the time to start joining together to fight for I-182, and to show the government and Supreme Court of Montana that the citizens of this great state believe in the right to choose their own medicine.
News has surfaced that the DEA might be on the brink of rescheduling marijuana at a national level. In a memo to lawmakers, the DEA stated that they will be making a decision on whether or not they will reclassify the plant. Currently marijuana is a “Schedule I” drug and is defined on http://www.dea.gov/druginfo/ds.shtml as:
“Schedule I drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Schedule I drugs are the most dangerous drugs of all the drug schedules with potentially severe psychological or physical dependence. Some examples of Schedule I drugs are: heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (cannabis), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy), methaqualone, and peyote.”
That means heroin, meth and LSD are put in the same class as marijuana and are considered to have absolutely no medicinal benefits.
If rescheduled, the DEA would most likely classify marijuana as a Schedule II drug. This classification would place marijuana in the same category as heavy prescription pills that are legally prescribed to patients by licensed doctors. Pills like Vicodin, Demerol, and OxyCodone are all Schedule II drugs.
This is a major step for the medical marijuana community because the government would be clearly indicating that it would be foolish for them to continue to advocate that there are no medical benefits to marijuana when it is so clearly helping many constituents for their respective health issues. With 24 states currently allowing marijuana to be used medicinally, it’s only a matter of time until public opinion changes and the majority will vote out this archaic classification.
The drug enforcement agency is expected to make their decision by the first half of 2016. Until they do, those who require medicinal marijuana will still be stigmatized as using a drug with zero health benefits, and in the government’s eyes, using a drug that is legally akin to heroin and meth.
With the medical marijuana law of Montana in jeopardy, Montanans who rely on cannabis to help them with their ailments are waiting anxiously, hoping for a light at the end of the tunnel. If changed, the law in Montana will undoubtedly follow suit with the federal government and end the torment and injustice facing the 13,000 patients who are at risk of having their medicine taken away.
While February, for Montana cannabis patients, hallmarked legal restrictions and litigations, March captured the attention of a nation of marijuana patients as panic ensued over a rumor that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had “outlawed” cannabinoid (CBD). Rest assured that this is not the actual case. Last month the FDA did send out several warning letters to cannabis companies who manufacture CBD products. The letters notified the companies that it is illegal to claim in their labeling that their products can “cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent disease.”
Michael Felberbaum, a representative of the FDA stated that “Many of these products are claiming in their marketing and promotional materials that they are intended for the use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of diseases, including, for example: cancer, various infections, psychiatric disorders, multiple sclerosis, arthritis and diabetes.”
Manufacturers were ordered to revise their product labeling and remove any such claims. Many in the marijuana community see this targeting of CBD extracts as a blatant move of the federal government to hinder and regulate the cannabis market. Moreover, the FDA has declared that CBD products are a “new drug” and may not be legally introduced or delivered into interstate commerce unless given the explicit approval of the FDA.
The feds made the public announcement that “New drugs may not be legally introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce without prior approval from the FDA[…] FDA approves a new drug on the basis of scientific data and information demonstrating that the drug is safe and effective.”
It’s a relief to note that the FDA did not actually ban the CBD products themselves or require that manufacturers withdraw their cannabinoid oils from the existing marketplace.
In the latest turmoil over the tumultuous future of medical marijuana in Montana, there are a few updates. The Goetz law firm employed by the Montana Cannabis Information Association (MTCIA), is representing Montana patients and has filed a request to delay the harsh ruling of last month’s effective date until April 2017, time enough for the Montana legislature to hopefully ease the restrictions.
Governor Steve Bullock asserted his agreement with Goetz and the medical marijuana patients of Montana when he said, “I am concerned about the ability of thousands of patients with serious medical conditions to access a treatment that has been approved by their doctors.”
The head of the medical marijuana state licensing department, Roy Kemp, expressed that he believes it would be ‘impossible’ for the state to follow through with the court ruling straightaway. It seems he is wary of implementing such drastic changes when the imminent 2016 ballot proposals will undoubtedly create more disruptions for the way the state will execute changes in its medical marijuana laws. He is asking for, at least, a 120 day implementation period of the recent Montana Supreme Court ruling.
However, Attorney General Tim Fox’s office responded by filing paperwork with the Montana Supreme Court asking that the state and constituents only be given a 49 day implementation period of the new ruling. This would effectively cut off access to, and estrange, tens of thousand of medical marijuana patients.
In addition, there are three ballot initiatives approaching in November that will catalyze more changes for the medical marijuana patients of Montana. We want our audience to remain completely informed and rally behind the initiatives which will provide access to cannabis in Montana.
Greener Pastures is actively supporting a YES vote on both the first and second of these ballot initiatives. Note that constituents are allowed to vote for more than one of the proposed initiatives. The third initiative is a drastic step backwards in eradicating this burgeoning industry and promoting black market dealings and should NOT be voted in.
Initiative 1 – The first initiative would make marijuana legal for anyone over 21. The implementation of this would likely be drawn out for a least a year and would NOT be a fix for our current problem. In addition, our lawmakers would likely alter the framework of this and the implications would be unknown.
Initiative 2 – The second initiative proposes a refined structure for medical marijuana patients similar to our previous structure which ensures they will have proper access to the medicine they need. This would go into effect immediately and save our medical marijuana problem. It also allows for testing labs, something that would further increase the quality and consistency of the medicine.
Initiative 3 – The third initiative will ban all marijuana usage, no matter if you use it medically or recreationally. It will adhere to the federal regulations which currently classify cannabis as a schedule 1 drug, a classification that is defined as ‘having no medicinal purpose’. This would would group marijuana with substances like Heroin and Crack.
There are things YOU can do to help the medical marijuana patients of Montana in this fight against unfair and oppressive rulings.
We recommend that you exercise your right as a voter and email (or write a letter to) your congressmen, and other Montana representatives, politely notifying them that you support realistic access to medical marijuana for those who need it. In order for our elected officials to pragmatically represent the needs and desires of their constituents it is imperative that voters communicate these to them.
It has been a turbulent last few weeks. Last month, one of the most impactful rollbacks of medicinal marijuana reform in recent history was effectuated in Montana. If you haven’t heard yet, the Supreme Court of Montana, on February 25th, ruled against medical marijuana patients and imposed new regulations prohibiting providers from supplying to more than three patients, prohibiting any form of advertising, and has increased pressure on doctors by stipulating that any doctor who chooses to prescribe medicinal marijuana to more than 25 patients will be under automatic state review. Many consider this ruling an aggressive attempt by lawmakers to regulate the legal medical marijuana industry out of existence.
Does this ruling mark an end to all grassroots dispensaries and cannabis business efforts in Montana? Lawmakers seeking to unfairly take this natural source of medicine away from constituents, and the industry opportunity for the rest of the state, sure seem to hope it will. Voters have the right to choose what kind of medicine helps them best. Lawmakers are operating not from the standpoint of a constituent’s inherent right to choose, but from an archaic stereotype of marijuana and from fear of losing control of a burgeoning industry.
Imagine all of the sick and terminal patients of Montana who use medical marijuana in order to alleviate pain, and ameliorate epilepsy (and other forms of seizures) in order to live a fuller life, patients who had the ability to choose natural forms of medicine instead of being forced to choose from a plethora of unnatural and chemically derived prescription pills. It disappoints us that our free-thinking state of Montana has demonstrated through this decision a submission to moral atrocity.
How will providers decide which three patients they will keep? Must they be forced to decide between the elderly woman with end-stage cancer or the veteran with amputated ligaments? This is taking medicine away from the sick and dying. It is up to us to make a change.
At Greener Pastures we work everyday to find the best legal methods to give our patients the ability to choose which kinds of medicine they need to survive. We actively talk with the authorities and police of Bozeman to stay above reproach, and have a team of lawyers who make every effort to ensure we follow all rules written into Montana law. But the ruling of last month doesn’t incentivize legal establishments to be on their best behavior, instead it stimulates underground dealings and black market transactions, which we do not condone and are offended that this is where the market is headed with such wrongfully aimed decisions.
We strive to develop an educated and moral audience within our patients so that all of us can role-model how faultless, responsible and patriotic cannabis establishments in Montana deserve to have the privilege to provide much needed medical care to respectable patients. A major component of your activism can be channeled by signing a petition that the Montana Cannabis Industry Association has put together. http://www.mtcia.org/sign/
Here is some information from MTCIA on extra steps you can take to help make a change.
“Start with the governor, then call your representatives (2) from your home district, and finally call the supreme court judges. Also the governor and some of the representatives are on twitter and facebook. Please respectfully tweet/post them your concerns as well as calling. Contact Gov Bullock at 406-444-3111, Twitter: @GovernorBullock To find your representative, use this site to enter your address then clink on your rep to show their contact information. http://leg.mt.gov/css/find%20a%20legislator.asp The Supreme court judges can be reached at 406-444-5490. We urge everyone to be respectful and polite.”
“Here are links to how your representatives voted on the original SB423. Remember a yes vote was a vote against us and a no vote was for us. Also note that many of the reps have changed since 2011, so you may need to educate your new rep on what you are calling about.
Ever wonder what the most popular strain is in our local Bozeman store? We introduce you to Blue Dream, a sativa-dominant hybrid that beautifully blends smooth symptom relief with uplifting energy. This aromatic berry strain is so effective and mellow, it’s no surprise it is also the most popular strain on Leafly.com.
Blue Dream will help your body relax and give you a clear cerebral feeling, unmuddled by any dense sedative effects. The plant is renown for giving fast medical relief without leaving you too couch-locked or tired. The strain easily tackles symptoms like nausea, pain, and depression.
Watch Leafly’s highlight video to learn more about this strain, and be sure to stop by the shop where we have Blue Dream ready and available for you to check out. It might just be the perfect medication for you.
To celebrate Valentine’s week, we have put together a list of the top three medical marijuana strains that will enhance your intimate love life and your loving relationship. Cannabis has been rumored to be a natural aphrodisiac for many years, however, through scientific research we are are better able to figure out which strains offer the kind of alluring, intimate vibe you may be looking to procure. The laid back qualities of Indica-dominant strains will help with relieving stress and relaxing muscles. Stimulating sativa-dominant strains, however, help boost your energy and get you into a playful mood.
Here are some medical marijuana strains that will help enhance your love life.
Who doesn’t love chocolate on Valentine’s day? This coco inspired Indica based plant is known for its ability to relieve stress and help you concentrate on what matters most. The bud offers its own aromatherapy twist with a fragrant sweet coffee smell known for eliciting a happier mood and relaxed mentality. Sit back, relax and let the decadent Chocolate Chunk sweeten your evening up.
This sativa-dominant hybrid is best known for its uplifting, euphoric qualities and the instant boost of energy. It is regarded as a giggle strain, which means you might find yourself laughing your way under the covers. This fun medical marijuana strain will give you the stamina to stay up late and enjoy your romantic night.
This high sativa plant will not only help keep you active and energetic, but the rush it brings will either leave you in a productive fit of cleaning, or have you engaging in intimate activity for hours to come. Kush is regarded as a strain that has the most aphrodisiac effect on its users because it provides a knock-out combination of uplifted, creative, happy, energetic, and euphoric attributes.
Remember, we can’t highlight enough on the fact that everybody is different, and every couple needs to make the effort to find out what strains will meet their individual needs in order to truly enhance their love life. The best way to find out what works best is to take the time to try each strain and experiment with how it makes you feel. Are you more sensitive to touch? Is it hard for you to relax and unwind? Are you dealing with too much pain? Ask yourself what would help you most and research what strain will put you in the right mood to grab your lover by the waist and drag them into the bedroom. It’s the season of love, and sometimes a little help from medical marijuana will do wonders for your romance.
Terpenes, also known as terpenoids, are the next frontier in medical marijuana scientific research. Much like tannins affect the dryness and complexity of wine, terpenes provide a depth of sensory enjoyment that goes beyond the medical experience, it adds the dimension of one’s sense of smell. Based on what we know, terpenes give a cannabis plant its wide variety of smells. However, we are now starting to understand the truth behind the smells. Scientists are discovering that terpenes work interconnectedly with cannabinoids to change the effect each plant has on an individual. Knowing this information could lead to a much better classification system for each Montana medical marijuana plant. Although scientific research is ongoing, here is some some of what we know about terpenes:
Terpenes are secreted by trichomes that grow on the marijuana plant. These terpenes bind to the same receptors that cannabinoids do, and can change the effect each plant has to varying degrees. For instance, if you were to medicate with a specific variety of cannabis that has a strong lemon smell, the effect is most likely to be more of a uplifting feeling, providing an elevated mood and relief of stress. (See Limonene terpene below.)
Utilizing the science behind the smell of cannabis, a medical marijuana patient is more likely to understand what the effects of the plant are, and what medical properties it holds. Here are some of the common terpenes you can find in medical marijuana plants a description of the influence each smells elicits:
This is the terpene that has a strong lemon, citrus smell. Along with helping you manage stress and alleviating you from depression, the limonene terpene is also known to help with indigestion, and heartburn.
Linalool is a terpene that has a sweet floral scent, like candy. It is known for helping anxiety, and has a calming effect. It has been known to help treat depression, and is also an anti-convulsant.
This terpene has a very musky, earthy, dirt like smell with hints of tropical fruit. Myrcene is the terpene that is known for its strong sedation powers. If you have ever heard the term ‘couch-locked’, this is the terpene that brings on the characteristic. It is known to help muscle tension, sleeplessness, and pain inflammation.
Known for its smell that strongly resembles a pine tree, pinene is a terpene known for its sharp spruce taste and its medication properties of alertness, and memory retention.
These are just a few of the known terpenes that exist within medical marijuana. We look forward to learning more and educating our patients on the benefits of terpenes and what the science means for you, the patient.
Do you ever wonder what level of science goes into the different Montana medical marijuana strains? Fortunately, there is a website devoted to educating its users on the variances between plant strains that make up medical marijuana. The website, Leafly.com, not only shows you the effects a plant will generally have on an individual, but can also inform you of the genetic makeup behind popular strains. The site breaks down each plant into a handful of categories like strain highlights, strain attributes, medicinal benefits, even negative side effects. Moreover, you can find out the strain’s lineage, and the flavor of the plant, like whether it is woodsy, floral, or fruity.
This section tells you a little bit about what to expect your first time using the particular cannabis strain, even detailing what usual facets of relief you might experience. You will learn how it tastes, smells, and if it is a hybrid (and most strains are) it will tell you what other plants were part of the strain’s lineage.
This is where you can find out what effects the medical marijuana type will generally have on its audience. “Happy, relaxed, hungry, energetic, uplifted, and focused” are all examples of certain attributes used to describe a plant strain. You can also click on the Medical Attribute link to discover more about what benefits the marijuana strain is known to provide. Stress, depression, nausea, and lack of appetite, are examples of medical attributes that particular plant is best at remedying.
This is where the science behind, and lineage of, the strain is located. The significant take-away to note in this section is the Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) percentage and the Cannabidiol (CBD) percentage. The higher the percentage of THC the stronger psychoactive effect of the plant. The CBD level will show you the amount of cannabidiols there are in the plant, CBD’s are noticeably higher in lower THC strains. Some plants like ‘Charlotte’s Web’ (which is made primarily for children with epileptic seizures) contains a very high level of Cannabidiol and a low level of THC. This allows a patient to receive the therapeutic benefit of the plant without getting ‘high.’ Low levels of THC typically indicate a lower level of psychoactive effect on the body and mind.
This section will give you an idea of the flavors you should expect from the plant. Similar to wine, medical marijuana strains all vary in their smell and taste. This can range from the scent of pine, lemon, chocolate, or even blueberries, the list is endless.
It is important to take initiative and educate yourself on the differences between each medical marijuana strain you take for your illness or for pain relief. Remember that each plant strain contains a different genetic makeup which will affect each person differently. It is imperative to research the percentages of THC and CBD in the medicine that you utilize so that you can find other strains that will medically benefit you on a similar level. Knowledge is power, and through the help of Leafly.com we are able to discover what makes up each Montana medical marijuana strain and how we can use it medicinally at its best.
Smoking any substance has its own niche hazards and health repercussions, mainly impacting the vitality of your lungs and heart. Anyway that you can mitigate the negative effects of traditional smoke inhalation should be seriously considered, especially when smoking is used to treat other symptoms. For medical marijuana users, using instruments of health, like vaporizers, help patients get the cannabinoids they need while avoiding the respiratory hazards of smoking by heating the cannabis to a temperature where therapeutically active cannabinoid vapors are produced, but heated just below the point where noxious byproducts are formed (Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, Volume 4, Issue 1).
Vaporization is possible through a few different methods, the two most popular methods being a convection device, such as a volcano, or through the use of an oil vape-pen, such as the Dr. Dabber. By precisely heating the product to safe temperatures, the latest digital vaporizers have the ability to extract the medicinal qualities out of medical marijuana flower without combusting the material.
If you have chosen medical marijuana as a safer venue to medicate, then the last thing you want is to create and inhale noxious byproducts that are known to be more common when using a glass pipe or a rolled joint.
When you use a vaporizer (depending on the vaporizer) a cool smokeless vapor will be created, as opposed to the hot burning smoke cloud caused by using a lighter or matches. The vapor is cleaner and because of the precise heating of the flower, contains the healing active cannabinoids that you need to make you feel your best.
Still not completely convinced? Here are a few benefits of using a vaporizer.
1. No longer will you have the intense smell of burned medical marijuana polluting your air quality (smoke can lead to migraines and can be bad for those with allergies, asthma, and those who have sensitive lungs).
2. Vaporizers filter out the majority of toxins caused by traditional smoking.
3. More medicine for your money; vaporizers utilize all of the medicinal elements of marijuana, allowing you sufficient relief without needing to use as much medicine.
4. Using a vape-pen is more discreet and has less of a chance to cause any unnecessary attention from those who are influenced by their stigmas against medicinal marijuana.
5. You won’t have to deal with the thick resinous material clogging your pipes that is caused by traditional smoking.
More studies are needed to be done to show exactly how much safer it is to use a vaporizer for Montana medical marijuana, however the benefits of not having to inhale combustible materials into the lungs remains an important factor. Mitch Zeller, the United States Food and Drug Administration’s director of the center for tobacco said in 2014, “If we could get all of those people [who smoke] to completely switch all of their cigarettes to non-combustible cigarettes, it would be good for public health.”
Greener Pastures is here to help you learn more about switching to vaping as a way to administer your medical marijuana. Give us a call today.
Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics
Volume 4, Issue 1, 2004
“Cannabis Vaporizer Combines Efficient Delivery of THC with Effective Suppression of Pyrolytic Compounds.”
Dale Gieringer, Joseph St. Laurent, & Scott Goodrich
The wild Montana skies have morphed yet again, but this time in tune with the seasonal change, leaving behind the vibrant Indian summer sunsets to dance with the winter flurries. Revealing clouds abundant with snow, ready to turn the state into a winter wonderland. One of the main ways to get outside and stay fit in the cold season is to head up to the mountains and enjoy some of the amazing ski slopes that can only be found in Montana.
Unfortunately, playing in the mountains has its risks; according to the American College of Sports Medicine individuals skiing or snowboarding will commonly suffer from banged heads, dislocated shoulders, broken wrists, and mangled knees. In fact, each year in the United States around half a million people incur such ski-related injuries (ACSM’s Health and Fitness Journal). It happens so easily; you take that wrong turn and end up doing a yard sale on the slopes, or worse yet, you slip and knock up against a tree (always wear a helmet).
These injuries leave active people exactly where they don’t want to be: hurt and having to spend their winters inside and miserable with pain. Instead of reaching automatically for more prescription painkillers such as oxycodone, or another jolt of morphine, we encourage you to try Montana medical marijuana as a way to mitigate your symptoms and begin healing so you can get back out on the mountain again.
Here are some of the top rated strains that we carry at Greener Pastures that are specifically designated for helping ameliorate pain.
Hash Plant is a 90% Indica dominate strain that has a full body effect that also helps manage pain and depression. It is known to help treat anxiety and for its ability to create a relaxing high that works to relieve muscle tension and allow you to rest more easily.
OG Kush is a hybrid strain that has both a sativa and indica lineage. The plant is ranked as one of the top medications to treat stress and depression. It has also been known to assist with pain and migraines. OG Kush has an euphoric effect on the body which helps alleviate those ‘down in the dump’ days.
Agent Orange is a balanced indica sativa hybrid that has a fruity citrus smell. It is a strain that has been known to help with depression and pain. This plant will lift up your spirits with its sativa side and assist with pain through its indica side.
Whatever plant you choose, remember that medical marijuana strains create different effects for each individual. If one medicine isn’t working for you, we highly encourage you to call us and tell us why you didn’t favor that specific medicine and we will help you find another strain that will better suit your needs.
As long as you follow these “do’s and dont’s” and keep up with the current laws pertaining to the legal use of marijuana, you will be just fine. We do however, strongly encourage you to seek counsel from a lawyer or an officer of the law before attempting any medical marijuana related activity of a legally ambiguous nature. With such a volatile state v. federal environment in this industry it is best to always be above reproach, so take the time to make sure you are within the legal parameters of Montana state law.
DO – Always carry your Medical Marijuana Card with you when you are away from home.
DON’T – Share your medicine with anyone, even if they are your best friend.
DO – Talk to the local police if you have any questions regarding the legality of your usage. The police are here to help, as long as you are following the legislation passed by our state government you have nothing to fear from our local law enforcement.
DON’T – Drive a vehicle after using your medication under any circumstances. It is illegal in Montana to drive under the influence of alcohol, marijuana, prescription drugs, or any combination of substances. ANY level of marijuana in the driver’s system is illegal while operating a vehicle.
DO – Sample different types of edible THC and gauge your body’s reaction in order to find the right match for you. Whether you eat it, smoke it, vape it, drink it, patch it or take it in pill form, each method differs in its effects and should be carefully administered to ensure proper medication.
DON’T – Grow your own marijuana if you are assigned to a provider. Montana law states that you can either have a provider grow for you, or you can grow yourself, but you cannot do both.
DO – Use your medication in the privacy of your own home.
DON’T – Use your medication in any public area or on any federally-owned land such as parks, forests, government offices, or buildings.
DO – Buy your medicine from a licensed provider through their person or storefront only.
DON’T – Buy your medicine from any person or other legal provider if they are not licensed to specifically give YOU medication.
DO – Talk to your doctor about how to treat your specific symptoms with the use of cannabis.
DON’T – Mix alcohol or prescription drugs with marijuana, lest you increase the chances of an unwanted negative reaction.
Bozeman is home to almost every outdoor activity imaginable. The landscape’s mountain ranges, lakes, rivers, forests, and four seasons shape amazing opportunities for playful recreation, however, all that sport can take a toll on one’s body. Whether a fisherman with arthritis in his elbow or a skier of Bridger Bowl with bad knees, there comes a time for every active Bozemanite to manage and treat the wear and tear on their bodies. Instead of taking harsh chemical compounds to mitigate pain, you should consider the natural remedies available to help ameliorate your discomfort and keep you out and about in the great outdoors of southwest Montana.
In the past, injuries, sprains, and overall physical deterioration were often treated with prescription drugs, which, in addition to its infamous abusive overuse by a majority of Americans, can be addictive and even deadly if mixed with other medications. Fortunately, there exist natural treatments that can help the body deal with pain in nontoxic ways. One such organic plant remedy is medicinal marijuana. Thankfully, Montana’s constituents have acknowledged the healing properties of medical marijuana and voted to legalize its use. In order to keep this source of medicine legal and its use above reproach, one must be a Montana citizen and get prescribed by a licensed doctor in order to become a patient. To find out the qualifications of becoming a medical marijuana patient in Montana click here: Conditions that qualify for a Medical Marijuana card in Montana
Greener Pastures is a medical marijuana dispensary in Bozeman, Montana, that has the expertise and knowledge to help you decide if medical marijuana is a suitable option for you and your active lifestyle in the Gallatin Valley.
You have the right to discover what medicine works best for your mind and body’s ailments. Here at Greener Pastures we work to connect with our patients on a personal level. By understanding exactly what your unique symptoms and afflictions are, we can help introduce you to the right medical marijuana strains that can help get you back on those skis, in that kayak or out there in the great Montana wilderness, experiencing what it truly means to be under the Big Sky.
Contact us today to learn more about the natural ways to combat your outdoor adventures.
Understanding the differences between marijuana strains is paramount to getting the most effective medication for one’s ailment due to the unique affects the strains have on individuals. Everyone has their own distinctive reaction to Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) so it is important to make sure you are finding the right balance of these for what you need. Since everyone is affected differently, it is best to experiment. In this article we will discuss the differences between Indica and Sativa strains in terms of their healing applications to help you make a more educated decision in your quest to find the right medical cannabis strain.
Appreciating the basic differences of the two species of cannabis, Sativa and Indica, is imperative in comprehending the most responsible medical utilization. One of the most important details to focus on when trying a new strain is the percentage of THC in the plant. If this is your first time sampling cannabis medicinally, it is highly recommended that you look for cannabis with a low degree of THC. We suggest this so that the patient can experience
the benefits they seek without clouding their encounter because of a strong psychoactive effect.
In general, Sativa strains contain medium to high THC levels and lower CBD levels. Moreover, Sativas comparatively contain lower CBD levels than Indica strains. This leads to more of a cerebral high, because the stronger THC percentage consequently leads to a stronger psychoactive effect, and is considered to have a less noticeable tranqualizing effect within the body as a whole. Sativa strains are known for treating depression, migraine headaches and appetite stimulation.
Indica strains typically generate more of a full “body-high” that medicinally targets chronic pain and muscle atrophies such as tremors. It is categorized as a sedative and therefore has a more calming and sleep-inducing effect. It also helps with treating anxiety,
and insomnia. Indica plants usually have similar levels of THC as Sativas, but in general contain a higher level of cannabinoids.
Most modern day cannabis strains are a hybrid of the two species of marijuana, and can rest anywhere on the spectrum in between these extremes. A hybrid plant allows for broader medical applications due to the overlap of traits that occur, and can be bred for, in the genetics of the plant’s lineage. Hybrids also give the patient the ability to distinguish between each beneficial trait and seek a custom-like blend that prescribes to specific individual symptoms. For instance, one could benefit greatly from mitigating the sedative effect of Indica by trying a Sativa-dominant hybrid. On the other hand, one could go the complete opposite route and try a Indica-dominant hybrid to, perhaps, experience a body relaxing effect without the sleep-inducing characteristic. The only sure way to discover which hybrid strains suit you the best is to try a few different kinds and decide which is most effective for you as an individual.
Here at Greener Pastures in Bozeman, Montana, we maintain a wide collection of cannabis strains. Our in-house customer service representatives are both knowledgeable and professional in their ability to educate and help show you which plants are a good starting point in your journey to find the right strain that will most effectively medicate your individual symptoms. Greener Pastures is here to guide you through every part of the cannabis medication process; starting with helping you find the right Montana doctor to recommend your medication, to the introduction of our strains, and eventually in taking the medication in a safe, appropriate, and responsible manner.
The Vital Role Medicinal Marijuana Plays in Treating Cancer
One of the biggest proponents of medicinal marijuana is its influence on a disease that almost 40% of us will be diagnosed within our lifetime. Cancer—in its various guises, is pushing overall health closer and closer to what many would consider a state of crisis. The number of new cancer cases is predicted to almost double in the next two decades, with economic costs worldwide already sitting at 1.6 trillion dollars.
Considering cannabis for additional cancer treatment
While the numbers may be dismal, new research involving medicinal marijuana’s effect on cancer, along with cancer side effects, is hopeful. There are many different types of cancer than medicinal marijuana can have a positive impact on, including the brain, breast, prostate, lung, blood, oral, liver and pancreatic. People who suffer from these types of cancer face a myriad of symptoms from both the disease and the treatment they receive. Chemotherapy, the number one treatment for cancer patients, can cause a wide range of side effects that can be debilitating.
These can include but aren’t limited to:
• Pain-cross link to chronic pain post
• Hair loss
• Blood clotting issues
• Nerve and muscle issues
• Flu-like symptoms
• Loss of appetite
The Bozeman area’s take on medicinal marijuana and cancer
Medicinal marijuana is a viable option for easing many of the issues that result from cancer and chemo. And it’s an option that doctors in Bozeman and Gallatin County aren’t ruling out. According to Bozeman Deaconess Hospital’s Connie Martin, director of marketing and communications, the hospital has no written policy for or against the medicinal marijuana. “Our doctors are allowed to practice within the limits of state and federal laws to provide the best quality care for patients,” she said in an interview with the Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Doctors at Bozeman Deaconess Hospital like Dr. Kathryn Borgenicht and Bozeman Deaconess Cancer Center’s Dr. Jack Hensold are open to recommending medicinal marijuana in specific circumstances. In the Daily article, Borgenicht explains, “For some of these people, medical marijuana has fewer side effects than opiate options.”
Research Breakthroughs on Cannabis and Cancer
Doctors—both in Bozeman and across the globe—are becoming more open to the benefits of medicinal marijuana as an influx of case studies and clinical trials prove it to be a viable treatment. Recent studies have shown that medical marijuana is useful for more than just curbing nausea or stimulating appetite. Trials around the world are uncovering marijuana’s power to halt tumor growth, even killing cancer cells in some scenarios. Scientists have discovered that THC has anti-cancer properties through “signaling platforms” found in the body called cannabinoids.
Some discoveries involving cannabis and cancer have been 20 years in the making. One of the most vital breakthroughs to set the stage for cannabis research occurred when molecular biologist, Pierre Desprez, paired with fellow researcher Sean McAllister to prove that marijuana could completely stop the spread of cancer. Desprez had spent decades studying ID-1, which is the gene that causes cancer to spread while McAllister had been researching the effects of Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD. What they discovered was that Cannabidiol could essentially “turn off” ID-1, thus stopping the spread of cancer throughout the body.
These developments are huge advances in treating some of the most aggressive forms of cancer, such as breast cancer, which affects 1 in 8 U.S. women and bears a higher death rate for women than any other type of cancer.
Cancer’s Effect on Montana
Perhaps this is why 76% of doctors approve of medicinal marijuana use in the United States. With such promising research results and such distressing statistics, it’s hard to find any argument against medicinal marijuana as a prospective answer to the ever-pressing cancer crisis.
Cancer has been the leading cause of death in Montana since 2008, and we at Greener Pastures understand that it is an issue that closely affects many Montanans in the Bozeman and surrounding areas. When considering additional treatments for cancer, we urge those of Gallatin County to explore alternative options that can enhance the effects of their chemo while easing some of its side effects.
There are about 100,000 veterans in the great state of Montana. And with a population of just 1 million people, that’s nearly 10% of our state. There are many factors that make returning home an adjustment for service men and women. While some of these are minor, others are severe and often debilitating to their quality of life.
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs estimates that PTSD afflicts:
31 percent of Vietnam veterans
10 percent of Gulf War (Desert Storm) veterans
11 percent of veterans of the war in Afghanistan
Veterans are one of the core groups of those who suffer from PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). PTSD is a mental health condition triggered by a terrifying event, whether that event is being experienced or witnessed. Symptoms caused by PTSD often include flashbacks, nightmares, and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event.
At Greener Pastures, we’re grateful for all those who have served in the military, which is why we are proud to share some of the medical advances taking place around medicinal marijuana and PTSD.
Recent studies have shown that medicinal marijuana may be a viable treatment when it comes to relieving the symptoms that veterans have suffered from for decades.
PTSD: How Fear Works in the Brain
To understand how medicinal marijuana relieves PTSD, you must first know what is happening in the brain of someone experiencing PTSD.
When an average person experiences something frightening, the brain’s “fear system” goes into overdrive. Your heart accelerates and pounds, you sweat, and your muscles contract. All of these are your brain’s way of signaling danger to your body. When the frightening event has passed, your fear system settles down and things go back to normal.
This isn’t the case for someone suffering from PTSD. When something frightening happens to them, their fear system goes haywire. Or, in more severe cases, a victim’s fear system will respond to triggers that remind them of the traumatic event. This could be anything from the sight of certain people, certain sounds, and even smell. When someone with PTSD’s fear system goes haywire, it cannot be modulated in the same way that the average brain can. That is without some assistance.
Cannabinoids Could Provide Relief
Research has shown that the body uses cannabinoids already in the brain to modulate the fear system and bring it back to even keel.
Cannabinoids are also found in THC, leading scientists to believe that medicinal marijuana may not only soothe symptoms of PTSD, but could prevent it, as well.
Medicinal marijuana is believed to be a valid treatment for PTSD due to the many symptoms within the illness that it can affect. These include:
- Trouble falling asleep
- Intense physical pain
Did you know: Doctors believe medicinal marijuana can reduce nightmares as it lessens the amount of REM sleep patients get? REM is the stage of sleep in which nightmares occur.
Did you know: Medicinal marijuana has an abundance of positive effects on those who suffer from intense or chronic pain? Check out our last post to see how.
At Greener Pastures, we believe in the chance to serve those who have served for us—some for years, some for a lifetime. As research continues, we look forward to even more answers for veterans or other victims of trauma who are suffering from PTSD.
In America alone, a staggering 100 million people suffer from chronic pain, costing over $600 billion a year in medical expenses. With nearly one-third of the country suffering from life-long pain, it’s clear that the public is in need of better alternatives.
Chronic pain is often the most debilitating symptom in a number of conditions, running the gamut from migraines to fibromyalgia and can be resistant to medical treatments.
However, definitive research has proven cannabis to be highly effective in curbing the chronic pain that plagues so many people. As it turns out, part of the solution has been with us all along. Cells in our central nervous system have surface receptors that bind with cannabinoids present in marijuana to decrease sensitivity to pain.
Some strains of cannabis are better suited than others when it comes to chronic pain management. Our experts at Greener Pastures are ready to find the perfect solution to fit your needs.
Cannabis Strains for Chronic Pain Management:
Hailing all the way from the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, this strain is known for its sedative side effects. Apart from pain management, Afghan Kush aids with sleep, stress relief, and deep relaxation.
This sativa strain earns the name Very Berry from its smell and fruity aftertaste, which lingers pleasantly on the tongue. Perfect for any patient who wishes to maintain an active state of mind and body while combating chronic pain.
This hybrid is a Montana native, originating in Big Sky Country when a Montana Silvertip and Blueberry plant were crossed. Get lost in deep relaxation and long-lasting euphoria with this unique blend.
Floral and spicy, this plant was formed from strains originating all over the globe. Lavender is perfect for unwinding (but not so heavy as to induce couchlock), and is a common favorite for both anxiety and pain relief.
CBD Options for Chronic Pain Management:
While some patients at Greener Pastures don’t mind products with high levels of THC, there are many people interested in natural medicine without psychoactive effects. For these users, Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, provides a non-psychoactive compound found in cannabis that still carries medicinal benefits. It’s a great solution for patients looking for relief from inflammation, anxiety, and pain without inducing the “stoned” feeling that many people associate with cannabis. CBD is available at Greener Pastures in many forms.
Here’s a list of authorized medical marijuana conditions for valid, qualified patients in Montana. Please note that some states allow physicians to approve other medical conditions not listed on a case-by-case basis, so check with your doctor.
Qualifying conditions include:
- Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
- Chronic pain
- Intractable nausea or vomiting
- Epilepsy or an intractable seizure disorder
- Multiple sclerosis
- Crohn’s disease
- Painful peripheral neuropathy
- A central nervous system disorder resulting in chronic, painful spasticity or muscle spasms
For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Montana Code Annotated 2013
Cannabinoids, the active components of marijuana, inhibit tumor growth in laboratory animals, and also kill cancer cells.THC that targets cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 is similar in function to endocannabinoids, which are cannabinoids that are naturally produced in the body and activate these receptors. The researchers suggest that THC or other designer agents that activate these receptors might be used in a targeted fashion to treat lung cancer.
- Tourette’s Syndrome
Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological condition characterized by uncontrollable facial grimaces, tics, and involuntary grunts, snorts and shouts.Dr. Kirsten Mueller-Vahl of the Hanover Medical College in Germany led a team that investigated the effects of chemicals called cannabinols in 12 adult Tourette’s patients. A single dose of the cannabinol produced a significant reduction in symptoms for several hours compared to placebo, the researchers reported.
Marijuana is a muscle relaxant and has “antispasmodic” qualities that have proven to be a very effective treatment for seizures. There are actually countless cases of people suffering from seizures that have only been able to function better through the use of marijuana.
Since medicinal marijuana was legalized in California, doctors have reported that they have been able to treat more than 300,000 cases of migraines that conventional medicine couldn’t through marijuana.
Marijuana’s treatment of glaucoma has been one of the best documented. There isn’t a single valid study that exists that disproves marijuana’s very powerful and popular effects on glaucoma patients.
- Multiple Sclerosis
Marijuana’s effects on multiple sclerosis patients became better documented when former talk-show host, Montel Williams began to use pot to treat his MS. Marijuana works to stop the neurological effects and muscle spasms that come from the fatal disease.
- ADD and ADHD
A well documented USC study done about a year ago showed that marijuana is not only a perfect alternative for Ritalin but treats the disorder without any of the negative side effects of the pharmaceutical.
- IBS and Crohn’s
Marijuana has shown that it can help with symptoms of the chronic diseases as it stops nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
Despite what you may have heard about marijuana’s effects on the brain, the Scripps Institute, in 2006, proved that the THC found in marijuana works to prevent Alzheimer’s by blocking the deposits in the brain that cause the disease.
- Premenstrual Syndrome
Just like marijuana is used to treat IBS; it can be used to treat the cramps and discomfort that causes PMS symptoms. Using marijuana for PMS actually goes all the way back to Queen Victoria.
One investigator of PTSD and cannabis is the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS). Martin Lee is a MAPS affiliate and director of Project CBD, and has studied PTSD and cannabinoids in depth.“Researchers found that people with PTSD had lower levels of anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid compound, compared to those who did not show signs of PTSD,” Lee wrote, “Innate to all mammals, anandamide (our inner cannabis, so to speak) triggers the same receptors that are activated by THC and other components of the marijuana plant.”